The Origins of Cimmerians, Scythians and Sarmatians
Image from Wikimedia
The oldest surviving carpet in the world! From Scythian Pazyryk Kurgan, Altai region, Russia.
Around 400 BC. Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia
A recent ancient genome study titled Ancient genomes suggest the eastern Pontic-Caspian steppe as the source of western Iron Age nomads, published by Maja Krzewinska et. al. on October 3, 2018, provided further info on the origins of Cimmerians, Scythians and Sarmatians.
The results must have shocked those who relied on Wikipedia for Cimmerian and Scythian information or those who tried to link haplogroup R1a to Scythians and Indo-European languages. Once more, the region in and around the Altai mountains, Siberia took the spotlight! Another connection between Turkish and Indo-European languages can be established via analysis of the Cimmerian King name Tugdamme / Dugdamis. For more: Cimmerian and Scythian Origins, Linguistic and Genetic Evidence
2018 Genetic and Archaeological Research Reconfirms the Title and the Content of My Book on SumeriansReconfirmed: Sumerian Original Homeland as Central Asia, their Ancestral Homeland as Siberia, their Migration Route(s), the connection between the civilizations/languages of Eurasia and the Americas and much more, with implications for research efforts on finding the Indo-European homeland.
International research on ancient genomes (In particular The Genomic Formation of South and Central Asia - March 2018, but also The first horse herders and the impact of early Bronze Age steppe expansions into Asia - May 2018 and The Genetic Prehistory of the Greater Caucasus - May 2018 ) as well as a very important archaeological survey published in 2018 on ancient trade networks reconfirms the contents and the title of my 2016 book, Sumerian Turks: The Civilization's Journey from Siberia to Mesopotamia, even when the genetic research papers were not aimed at Sumerian civilization but rather on finding the Indo-European homeland!
This cannot be called an unintented consequence, as all research effectively uncovers pieces of world history. These genetic research papers on ancient genomes from Siberia, Central Asia and Iran as well as the archaeology research survey showing known migration/trade networks starting in the 4th millenium BC in southern sections of Central Asia, Iran, Mesopotamia and Turkey/Anatolia are extremely relevant for Sumerian research.
Another very important research paper by two talented undergraduate students Tian Chen Zeng and Alan J. Aw, and professor Marcus W. Feldman published in May 2018, re-reconfirmed many of my findings and suggestions as explained in my books and articles with a major cross-disciplinary genetics-math-sociology work: Cultural hitchhiking and competition between patrilineal kin groups explain the post-Neolithic Y-chromosome bottleneck
Sumerian Migrations on Eurasian Map click on the map for the article and full size image
About the "Orientalizing Period"
Both Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome (via the Etruscans) were founded by the people migrating from the Orient (Turkey/Anatolia).
These are scientific facts proven by genetic studies done on both ancient human remains and current human populations. You will find info on these studies in my articles and books. These are hard facts supported by genetic, archaeological, mythological, linguistic evidence including my own history and linguistics research and analysis. Results of the genetic studies done in 2018 continue to reconfirm these facts.
Moreover, even the prior civilization in Europe, Neolithic farming culture, was introduced by the people migrating from Turkey. And even before that, Europe was populated by humans from the Orient (Asia) who migrated to Europe through Central Asian Steppes and Turkey/Anatolia.
Before "Orientalizing", only Neandearthals lived in Europe. Their descendants run the Wall Street/London Banks and the corrupt EU/NATO offices in Brussels.
Eurasian Migrations and Languages: Indo-European origins, Sumer, Yamna, Anatolia, Iran, Indus Valley
You are reading this thanks to Sumerians!
Writing was first invented in Sumer about 5200 years ago with the use of pictograms, then it evolved into logograms, and finally to cuneiform a few hundred years later.
Ancient Greece and Roman Empire are fairly recent compared to Sumer civilization.
Writing is not all that Sumerians invented. Math, banking and finance, mythology, astronomy, firsts in architecture and engineering, astrology, state, democracy, the first schools, written songs, musical instruments and the first existential myth Bilgemesh (Gilgamesh) are among many other Sumer firsts.
They built the first city in the world, Eridu, located in Iraq.
The first revolution in history was done in Sumer, which set slaves free. In fact, the Sumerian word 'ama-gi', return to motherland, is a result of Ur Kagan's (Urukagina) reform.
The first legal code in history (code of Urukagina in 2400 BC) and then a more detailed code, the first extant law code (Ur Nammu in 2000 BC) are all Sumerian firsts.
24 hours in a day (updated by the Ancient Greeks from Sumer 12 hours/day), 60 minutes in an hour, and 360 degrees in a circle are all Sumerian conventions resulting from the sexagesimal (base 60) number system they used instead of the decimal system (base 10) we use in most everything else today.
Thinking that we use time and degree conventions invented by the Sumerians some 5000 years ago is fascinating, and certainly this is only a small, partial list of Sumer inheritance within our modern civilization. This is proof that history affects us deeply, even when we know nothing about it.
Apparently they were also fun loving people. They brewed the first beer made of barley and thanked beer God Ninkasi with a Hymn!
Even the concept of bullfighting is a Sumerian first, as mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh (Bilgemesh)!
The more people from different fields such as engineers, architects, and doctors dig into Sumerian civilization, the more they find out Sumerian influence in our modern life. First arches and canals, solar design in buildings, and the first pharmaceutical drugs are among many of their inventions.
They were the first advanced civilization on earth and many of their inventions are still in use!
Let us not forget that their civilization lasted around 2000 years, the longest of ancient civilizations and their language was still in use by scholars 2000 years after Sumerian civilization "ended".
Yet today almost no one knows about Sumerians nor their inventions 160 years after their discovery! This civilization is hardly mentioned anywhere!
Sumerians have largely influenced or founded ancient Egyptian, Akkadian/Babylonian, Greek, Roman and Indus civilizations.
(See an overview of some major Sumerian Inventions including astrology and astronomy, concept of time, map, plow, farming and irrigation by Joan Shelby)
Sumerian is the first known language! Anthropologists, linguists and scientists from different fields work on understanding how and when humans developed language capability. It's unfortunate that they do not analyze Sumerian language.
Sumerian language has influenced (is related to) almost all languages of the world!
Some Sumerian Words still in Use
- Abzu => Abyss
- Barbar => Barbarian
- Ki => Geo as in Geography
- Gina => Canal, Channel, Cane Wiktionary
- Agar => Acre, Agriculture
- Dumugir (citizen) => Democracy