Etymology, Ancient Migrations and Languages
Early Celtic Prince from Glauberg (500 BC) from La Tene Period, Hesse, Germany. Image from Wikimedia
Migrations, Etymology and Languages
Gobeklitepe, Shigir Idol, American Pacific Northwest totems are relatedWho Built Gobeklitepe?
The most ancient wooden sculpture in the world, The Shigir Idol, 9600 BC. It was Found in the Urals, Russia in 1894. The totem pole is contemporaneous with Gobeklitepe, southeast Turkey, some 2500 kilometers away.
Culturally and artistically, Gobeklitepe totem pole and Shigir Idol are related. We now know that the people who built them are also geneticaly related. See: Genetic proof: Gobeklitepe, Shigir Idol, American Pacific Northwest totems are related
Moreover, Siberian ancestry in Sumerians is now genetically proven even when we do not have ancient Sumerian genomic data, thanks to all other ancient genome data from the Near East and Eurasia!
Etymology of the word Aryan, Arya, ArjoEtymology of the word Aryan, Arya, Arjo
PART X That's not a cup
Mehmet Kurtkaya, "That's not a cup" Own work, digital art. 2019
Another world's first: Pelasgians Identified
PART IX Sun Language Theory, Paleolinguistics
PART VIII Paleolinguistics
PART VII Linguistics and the latest genetics
PART VI Beekeeping and bee related wordsFrom the Altai to Kura -Araxes
Honey and MeadPart I: The words for honey and mead across Eurasia, Mid-Central Africa and Polinesia show deep ancient connections.
How many words for bee have an "r"Very simple linguistic inquiry you can check for yourself.
Part II: The words for bee, honeybee across Eurasia, Africa, America and Ocenia show deep and ancient connections.
Bee Mythology and dual meaning of the words for bee and purePart III Bee Mythology and dual meaning of the word for bee and pure Of bees and humans: from Paleolithic to Antiquity.
Paleolinguistics honey, bee, lickingPart IV Paleolinguistics honey, bee, licking Of bees and languages: from Paleolithic to Antiquity.
Origins of Basque Language and its relationship to othersOrigins of the Basque language and its relation to others such as Turkish, SUmerian, Hungarian supported by the latest genetics discoveries.
The word "earth" connects language families accross five continents, Asia, Europe, America, Africa and Australia. Moreover this connection is validated with genetic info from archaeogenetics and an independant linguistic study of m-t pronouns.
DaughterThe word for father was instrumental in suggesting and forming Indo-European linguistic family. The word for daughter provides a major clue for the location of PIE homeland. See etymology of daughter, milker, child, tribe, family, clan
Etymology of the word "clan", Irish oglach, Greek Augeas, Etruscan clan
Ever wonder the origins of the word "kid", "young goat" and how it came to be used for child ? Wonder no more
Why many major domestic animal names in Indo-European languages are either of unknown or disputed origins?English words "dog", "goat", "sheep", "pig", "ass", Latin word for horse "caballus" are of unknown origins. The words "taurus", "kid", "cat" and many others are of uncertain origins. Isn't that weird?
Let's look closer and see if we can find their origins: Origins of domestic animal names in Indo European languages
English "foot" and Turkish "Ayak"Are these words with totally unrelated sounds related? How the word for foot and leg in five continents are related across many language families?
Words for foot and leg in world languages
Water, father and mother
As ancient and modern genome research papers are published, one would expect the resolution of the big question that has been on European scholars' mind since the 1500s: the original homeland of Europeans. The reality turned out to be the opposite. The status-quo theory, Kurgan / Pontic-Caspian Indo-European homeland theory, sits on shakier ground than ever.
In fact, every single genetic study published in the last couple of years supported my theories and books while creating shock and disbelief among scholars of Indo-European linguistics and archaeology.
There are also conflicting ideas coming from genetics research teams at Harvard, Max Planck and Copenhagen. While only a few minor mistakes have been detected so far in the genetics side of the research work, the real problem remains in the identification of the language, and sometimes, the cultural affiliation of the ancient people analyzed in the study. Continue reading.
I have updated my "Another world's first! PART II: Incontrovertible proof: Water, Father, and Mother: Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish" article. This will hopefully help genetics research teams and amateurs alike to identify different Indo-European and non-Indo-European populations when there are no written records or when genomic complexity makes it hard to identify the culture/language in question. Last update August 23,2019. Also updated The word for horse in Indo-European languages, also related to the word for water..See also the etymology of Latin aequus and secundus
See also etymology of daughter, milker, child, tribe, family, clan
Common Origin of Human Language and its spread on Eurasian Map
(Click to read the article and see full size image)
Origin and Spread of Languages on Eurasian Map based on Genetics Research and my books as of May 2019. The world's first known language Sumerian was favorably compared to many linguistic families in Eurasia and America. Comparing ancient Sumerian migration routes constructed from ancient genome studies to these languages will give the opportunity to trace back world languages to a common language spoken some 20000 years ago.
The biggest discovery of genetics era history research was the existence of Ancient North Eurasians (ANE), a population unknown until the results of DNA test from a Siberian 24000 year old boy remains. ANE was an important genetic contributor to Central Asians, Native Americans, Europeans, South Asians, and a minor contributor to East Asians. (See Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East ) This is the quest to find their language. read more
12,000 years of Patriarchy, Gobeklitepe, Sumer and the Word for Father
Stonehenge image from Wikimedia
Breaking News: Another migration revealed: Neolithic farmers from Turkey replaced earlier hunter gatherers in Britain
The people who built Stonehenge (3000-2000 BC) have their origins in Central and Southeastern Turkey, home to Gobeklitepe. There are similar unexcavated megaliths including a few with T shaped stone structures in Southeast Turkey as well as in Northern Iraq and Syria. Megaliths in Europe (4500–1500 BC) were built 3500 years after Gobeklitepe (10,000-8000 BC) was deliberately buried and abandoned.
While the 3500 years time span between them is huge and against such a link, there seems to be some connection between sun/sky related beliefs of the Sumerian - Gobeklitepe civilizations with a similar time span among them.
Farmers' migration from Anatolia (Turkey) towards Europe started around 7000-6000 BC and first Neolithic farmers reached British Isles by 4000 BC. See the map of the Spread of farming from around the Taurus mountains towards Europe.
At SumerianTurks, no stone is left unturned.
Common ancestor of Indo-European, Basque, and Japanese: Ugur Turkish / SumerianAnother world's first! It is now possible to go back in time all the way to the birth of human language! As of April 2019, ground-breaking genetic research results continue to trash mainstream history books and support my books.
Which language did the people of Gobeklitepe (10,000 BC) speak?
Which language did the people mentioned as "mysterious" Ancient North Eurasians (24,000 BC) speak? Their direct descendants lived well into the Bronze Age. They are ancestral to many modern Eurasian populations and Native Americans.
It is now possible to reconstruct their languages and solve the seemingly unsolvable question "how did the human language came about?".
The common ancestor of Basque, Japanese, Indo-European and Sumerian is Ugur Turkish Equivalence of the words for water, living matter, population growth, social rule proven using Sun Language Theory.
The concept of the original connection between water and society in Japanese Wa (和), Basque (Ur, Ura), Sumerian (Ur, Uruk), Indo-European languages (water, agua), Turkish (Uğ) prove beyond any doubt that these language are genetically related.
The Origins of Indo-European Languages and Original Homeland of the Indo-EuropeansMajor genetics news from Spain! Science has beaten history books once more, and the results fully support my theories, books and articles on the origin of Indo-European languages! The results shocked many Steppe Theory enthusiasts and many others who blindly accepted established theories. It's now time to put Steppe Theory in a kurgan!
Thanks to science, it is possible to use genetics and linguistics info in a very efficient manner to discover cultural and linguistic changes for some groups at a particular time in history, in the absence of written records!
Read more at: The spread of Indo-European languages: genetic evidence, haplogroup info suggests Sumerian and Hurrian origins With special emphasis on the linguistic affiliations of Haplogroup J and R1b who migrated with J.
Sun Language Puzzle, 9 pictures, 9 English words. Find out what connects them by looking at the pictures and spelling the words. They all go back to one Sumerian word from 4500 years ago. No need to know anything Sumerian, Etruscan or Turkish to find the root word that is common to all these nine modern English words.
Another world's first! PART V: Game over for the Steppe Theory! Is it the Caucasus mountains or the Taurus / Zagros ? See the answer in Indo-European Homeland Proven! This also explains the Centum and Satem Languages! As it is obvious from the correct etymology of the word Caucasus!
Another world's first! PART IV: Incontrovertible proof, show this to any linguist or historian! Pronouns like English I (German Ich), "you", "he", "she", "we", verbs like "have", "be", other major words like "egg", "gold", Greek "ego", Latin "nostra", "voster", and many more derive from Sumerian Turkish, Ugur Turkish (Hurrian) and common Turkish: English, Greek, Latin and other Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish Also shown the correct etymology and equivalence of the words Taurus, and Zagros, the names of mountain ranges where Hurrian states existed 5000 years ago and its linguistic relationship to Caucasus. Published on November 9, Updated on November 11, 2018.
From Lascaux caves (15000 BCE), Gobeklitepe (10000 BCE), Sumer (4000 BCE), Hatti, to Egypt, Rome, Greece, Celtic Europe: Sun and sky worship, its linguistic implications, the Bull cult and the words for Ox, Cow and Taurus. Legendary Irish figure Cú Chulainn and Sumerian divine bull Gugalanna relation also explored.
Derivation of the words English word gene from Ancient Greek genea, and Latin genus from Sumerian Turkish Ug (kinship, people) + An (sky).
Other animals with mythological significance to humans throughout history: Horse and Crow (More to be added)
Another world's first! PART II: Incontrovertible proof: Water, Father, and Mother: Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish. Published on October 23. Added "daughter", "born", "wine", and "king" in English, French, Latin, Minoan Linear A and other Indo-European languages. Added the Greek word Nektar January 11, 2019
PART I: Original Homeland of the Indo-Europeans
Origins of the English word Red, its Indo-European counterparts and Sumerian word for Copper reveals deep Sumerian connection and hints at the Urheimat of Indo-European languages.
The Origins of Cimmerians, Scythians and Sarmatians
Image from Wikimedia
The oldest surviving carpet in the world! From Scythian Pazyryk Kurgan, Altai region, Russia. Around 400 BC. Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia
A recent ancient genome study titled Ancient genomes suggest the eastern Pontic-Caspian steppe as the source of western Iron Age nomads, published by Maja Krzewinska et. al. on October 3, 2018, provided further info on the origins of Cimmerians, Scythians and Sarmatians.
The results must have shocked those who relied on Wikipedia for Cimmerian and Scythian information or those who tried to link haplogroup R1a to Scythians and Indo-European languages. Once more, the region in and around the Altai mountains, Siberia took the spotlight! Another connection between Turkish and Indo-European languages can be established via analysis of the Cimmerian King name Tugdamme / Dugdamis. For more: Cimmerian and Scythian Origins, Linguistic and Genetic Evidence
2018 Genetic and Archaeological Research Reconfirms the Title and the Content of My Book on SumeriansReconfirmed: Sumerian Original Homeland as Central Asia, their Ancestral Homeland as Siberia, their Migration Route(s), the connection between the civilizations/languages of Eurasia and the Americas and much more, with implications for research efforts on finding the Indo-European homeland.
International research on ancient genomes (In particular The Genomic Formation of South and Central Asia - March 2018, but also The first horse herders and the impact of early Bronze Age steppe expansions into Asia - May 2018 and The Genetic Prehistory of the Greater Caucasus - May 2018 ) as well as a very important archaeological survey published in 2018 on ancient trade networks reconfirms the contents and the title of my 2016 book, Sumerian Turks: The Civilization's Journey from Siberia to Mesopotamia, even when the genetic research papers were not aimed at Sumerian civilization but rather on finding the Indo-European homeland!
This cannot be called an unintented consequence, as all research effectively uncovers pieces of world history. These genetic research papers on ancient genomes from Siberia, Central Asia and Iran as well as the archaeology research survey showing known migration/trade networks starting in the 4th millenium BC in southern sections of Central Asia, Iran, Mesopotamia and Turkey/Anatolia are extremely relevant for Sumerian research.
Another very important research paper by two talented undergraduate students Tian Chen Zeng and Alan J. Aw, and professor Marcus W. Feldman published in May 2018, re-reconfirmed many of my findings and suggestions as explained in my books and articles with a major cross-disciplinary genetics-math-sociology work: Cultural hitchhiking and competition between patrilineal kin groups explain the post-Neolithic Y-chromosome bottleneck
Sumerian Migrations on Eurasian Map click on the map for the article and full size image
About the "Orientalizing Period"
Both Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome (via the Etruscans) were founded by the people migrating from the Orient (Turkey/Anatolia).
These are scientific facts proven by genetic studies done on both ancient human remains and current human populations. You will find info on these studies in my articles and books. These are hard facts supported by genetic, archaeological, mythological, linguistic evidence including my own history and linguistics research and analysis. Results of the genetic studies done in 2018 continue to reconfirm these facts.
Moreover, even the prior civilization in Europe, Neolithic farming culture, was introduced by the people migrating from Turkey. And even before that, Europe was populated by humans from the Orient (Asia) who migrated to Europe through Central Asian Steppes and Turkey/Anatolia.
Before "Orientalizing", only Neandearthals lived in Europe. Their descendants run the Wall Street/London Banks and the corrupt EU/NATO offices in Brussels.
Eurasian Migrations and Languages: Indo-European origins, Sumer, Yamna, Anatolia, Iran, Indus Valley
You are reading this thanks to Sumerians!
Writing was first invented in Sumer about 5200 years ago with the use of pictograms, then it evolved into logograms, and finally to cuneiform a few hundred years later.
Ancient Greece and Roman Empire are fairly recent compared to Sumer civilization.
Writing is not all that Sumerians invented. Math, banking and finance, mythology, astronomy, firsts in architecture and engineering, astrology, state, democracy, the first schools, written songs, musical instruments and the first existential myth Bilgemesh (Gilgamesh) are among many other Sumer firsts.
They built the first city in the world, Eridu, located in Iraq.
The first revolution in history was done in Sumer, which set slaves free. In fact, the Sumerian word 'ama-gi', return to motherland, is a result of Ur Kagan's (Urukagina) reform.
The first legal code in history (code of Urukagina in 2400 BC) and then a more detailed code, the first extant law code (Ur Nammu in 2000 BC) are all Sumerian firsts.
24 hours in a day (updated by the Ancient Greeks from Sumer 12 hours/day), 60 minutes in an hour, and 360 degrees in a circle are all Sumerian conventions resulting from the sexagesimal (base 60) number system they used instead of the decimal system (base 10) we use in most everything else today.
Thinking that we use time and degree conventions invented by the Sumerians some 5000 years ago is fascinating, and certainly this is only a small, partial list of Sumer inheritance within our modern civilization. This is proof that history affects us deeply, even when we know nothing about it.
Apparently they were also fun loving people. They brewed beer made of barley and thanked beer God Ninkasi with a Hymn!
Even the concept of bullfighting is a Sumerian first, as mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh (Bilgemesh)!
The more people from different fields such as engineers, architects, and doctors dig into Sumerian civilization, the more they find out Sumerian influence in our modern life. First arches and canals, solar design in buildings, and the first pharmaceutical drugs are among many of their inventions.
They were the first advanced civilization on earth and many of their inventions are still in use!
Let us not forget that their civilization lasted around 2000 years, the longest of ancient civilizations and their language was still in use by scholars 2000 years after Sumerian civilization "ended".
Yet today almost no one knows about Sumerians nor their inventions 160 years after their discovery! This civilization is hardly mentioned anywhere!
Sumerians have largely influenced or founded ancient Egyptian, Akkadian/Babylonian, Greek, Roman and Indus civilizations.
(See an overview of some major Sumerian Inventions including astrology and astronomy, concept of time, map, plow, farming and irrigation by Joan Shelby)
Sumerian is the first known language! Anthropologists, linguists and scientists from different fields work on understanding how and when humans developed language capability. It's unfortunate that they do not analyze Sumerian language.
Sumerian language has influenced (is related to) almost all languages of the world!
Some Sumerian Words still in Use
- Abzu => Abyss
- Barbar => Barbarian
- Ki => Geo as in Geography
- Gina => Canal, Channel, Cane Wiktionary
- Agar => Acre, Agriculture
- Dumugir (citizen) => Democracy