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Freedom and Liberty is my Character — Ataturk
Sun Language theory and Turkish History Thesis Ataturk founded the first and still the only Sumerology department in the world!
Ama-gi is the sign of freedom from slavery, following the first revolution in human history during Ur Kagan's (Urukagina) rule 2400BC

EXPLORING THE ROOTS OF MODERN CIVILIZATION: SUMERIAN AND ITS RELATION TO HURRIAN, EGYPTIAN, GREEK, ROMAN AND OTHER CIVILIZATIONS

Sumerian Inventions

You are reading this thanks to Sumerians!

standard of urdetail Detail from Standard of Ur, 2500 BC, British Museum

Writing was first invented in Sumer about 5200 years ago with the use of pictograms, then it evolved into logograms, and finally to cuneiform a few hundred years later.

Ancient Greece and Roman Empire are fairly recent compared to Sumer civilization.

Writing is not all that Sumerians invented. Math, banking and finance, mythology, astronomy, firsts in architecture and engineering, astrology, state, democracy, the first schools, written songs, musical instruments and the first existential myth Bilgemesh (Gilgamesh) are among many other Sumer firsts.

They built the first city in the world, Eridu, located in Iraq.

The first revolution in history was done in Sumer, which set slaves free. In fact, the Sumerian word 'ama-gi', return to motherland, is a result of Ur Kagan's (Urukagina) reform.

The first legal code in history (code of Urukagina in 2400 BC) and then a more detailed code, the first extant law code (Ur Nammu in 2000 BC) are all Sumerian firsts.

24 hours in a day (updated by the Ancient Greeks from Sumer 12 hours/day), 60 minutes in an hour, and 360 degrees in a circle are all Sumerian conventions resulting from the sexagesimal (base 60) number system they used instead of the decimal system (base 10) we use in most everything else today.

Thinking that we use time and degree conventions invented by the Sumerians some 5000 years ago is fascinating, and certainly this is only a small, partial list of Sumer inheritance within our modern civilization. This is proof that history affects us deeply, even when we know nothing about it.

Apparently they were also fun loving people. They brewed the first beer made of barley and thanked beer God Ninkasi with a Hymn!

Even the concept of bullfighting is a Sumerian first, as mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh (Bilgemesh)!

The more people from different fields such as engineers, architects, and doctors dig into Sumerian civilization, the more they find out Sumerian influence in our modern life. First arches and canals, solar design in buildings, and the first pharmaceutical drugs are among many of their inventions.

They were the first advanced civilization on earth and many of their inventions are still in use!

Sumerian Civilization

Let us not forget that their civilization lasted around 2000 years, the longest of ancient civilizations and their language was still in use by scholars 2000 years after Sumerian civilization "ended".

Yet today almost no one knows about Sumerians nor their inventions 160 years after their discovery! This civilization is hardly mentioned anywhere!

Sumerians have largely influenced or founded ancient Egyptian, Akkadian/Babylonian, Greek, Roman and Indus civilizations.

(See an overview of some major Sumerian Inventions including astrology and astronomy, concept of time, map, plow, farming and irrigation by Joan Shelby)

Sumerian is the first known language! Anthropologists, linguists and scientists from different fields work on understanding how and when humans developed language capability. It's unfortunate that they do not analyze Sumerian language.

Sumerian language has influenced (is related to) almost all languages of the world!

Some Sumerian Words still in Use

  • Abzu => Abyss
  • Barbar => Barbarian
  • Ki => Geo as in Geography
  • Gina => Canal, Channel, Cane Wiktionary
  • Agar => Acre, Agriculture
  • Dumugir (citizen) => Democracy
standard of urdetail Click on the picture for the Pyramids article

LINGUISTIC PROOFS: SUMERIAN LANGUAGE IS ARCHAIC TURKISH


Sumerian language is not a language isolate. 160 years of articles and books prove this fact.

See for yourself the extensive list of books and articles written on this subject since the 1850s: Sumerian Language Turkish comparisons and analysis

Sumerian Influence on Ancient Greece


Minoan Striking similarity to Sumerian and Egyptian art is not a coincidence (Minoan Fresco from Knossos. Image from Wikimedia)

Sumerians greatly influenced Ancient Greece over a period of 1500 years and their northern neighbor Gur (Hurrian) may have been the founders of Ancient Greece. Recent archaeological work on ancient Gur (Hurrian) City of Urkesh proves that Hurrians were almost as advanced as them.

Read more on Sumerian Influence on Ancient Greece: Minoan, Mycenaean and Classical Greece

Sumerian Influence on Ancient Rome


It is well known and universally accepted that Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome were connected.

Strong since the 1950s, the evidence regarding Sumerian Influence on Ancient Greece is now undeniable. We can certainly claim that Sumerians influenced Romans by way of Ancient Greeks. However, there is evidence on a more direct influence of Sumerians on the foundations of Rome via the Etruscans and the Hurrians !

Read more on Sumerian Influence on Ancient Rome

Gobeklitepe and Sumer Comparisons



Image by Teoman Cimit, Wikimedia

Gobekli Tepe is the oldest temple in the world. It is close to Sumer but 6000 years older (starting at 10000 years BC). Needless to say, Sumer is a much more advanced civilization but there are some very interesting similarities in their spiritual beliefs. Their comparisons might reveal new info on the social transition from hunter gatherer societies to cities and states based on agriculture.

See Sumer and Gobeklitepe comparisons

Sumerian Central Asian sites comparison


This is a well-known topic in academic circles but unfortunately it is also the least talked about. Since at least 30 years, Turkmenistan born internationally renowned Soviet Archaeologists including Vadim Mikhailovich Masson, Viktor Sarianidi have written about these sites and some of their work relates to Sumerian comparisons. Western scholars are also working (or have worked in the past) in archaeological sites in Central Asia including ancient cities in Turkmenistan, Afghanistan.

Alexander the Great had gone to conquer Central Asian cities two thousands years later.

Read more on the ancient sites in BMAC (Bactria Margiana), Gonur Tepe, Altin Tepe and others at Sumerian - Central Asia connection

lugaldal


World's First Love Poem Dedicated to Goddess of Love and War Inanna
From Istanbul Archaeology Museum

Excavations of Sumerian Cities

A great video using a large number of photographs taken from Sumerian excavations. Photos from Eridu, Ur, Uruk and Nippur cities. Also Includes photos of cylinder seals from Mesopotamia after Sumer. See this great Sumer excavations video

SUMERIAN ARTS AND ARCHITECTURE


Sumerian Education

Adaptive sketch of a Sumerian dig: The Classroom 4000 years ago

A father lectures his lazy son

Museums with Sumerian Collections


Sumerian cuneiform tablets, statues, reliefs, and artifacts around the world:

Iraqi National Museum. Bagdad, Iraq.

Istanbul Archaeology Museum, Turkey.

Sumerian City States including the Vulture Stele oldest known historical document, Louvre Museum, Paris, France.

Pergamon Museum Berlin Vorderasiatisches Museum (Museum of the Ancient Near East), Berlin, Germany.

British Museum, London, UK.

Penn Museum Digital Collection Impressive website! Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Met Museum Sumerian collection New York, NY, USA.

Hermitage Museum, Virtual Collection, St. Petersburg, Russia.

About Me:


My Latest Book!

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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (And most of my articles on this website included)

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