By Mehmet Kurtkaya, Published on November 3, 2019 Updated November 6, 2019
The words "foot" and Turkish "ayak" sound completely different, but can they be related? The answer : Words for foot and leg in world languages
Etymology of daughter, milker, child, tribe, family, clan
Earth in world languages connect five continents
Part I: It's not only the word for earth that connects world languages. Let's talk sweet :
href="honey-mead.htm">Honey and mead in world languages Part II: The words for bee, honeybee across Eurasia, Africa, America and Ocenia show deep and ancient connections.
Part III: Bee Mythology and dual meaning of the word for bee and pure Of bees and humans: from Paleolithic to Antiquity.
Part IV Paleolinguistics honey, bee, licking Of bees and languages: from Paleolithic to Antiquity.
Part V: Pelasgians Identified, Midas, Phrygia -Etruscan connection confirmed Linguistics, Mythology, Archaeology and Genetics combined as usual!
PART VI Beekeeping and bee related words From the Altai to Kura -Araxes Beekeeping and bee related words
PART VII Linguistics and the latest genetics
PART VIII Paleolinguistics Common Stone Age roots of the words for vessel, shell, cover, grasp and others
PART IX Sun Language Theory, Paleolinguistics: Sun Language Theory: Vessel captures water
This article must be considered together with The word earth in world languages shows deep ancient connections
Of Humans and BeesIt is largely unknown that the bee was an animal revered in ancient cultures around the world. Honeybee was an important object of mythology from India to the Aegean and the Near East, from Celtic lands to Altaic shamanism, from aborigines of Australia to the Mayas in Central America, and in creation myths from Africa.
We know about bee mythology from both archaeological records and written texts including Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs to ancient Greek.
Venus of Willendorf figurine dating to 25,000 BC (Aurignacian culture) found in Willendorf, Austria and displayed in the Natural History Museum, Vienna. It has been suggested that she is a fertility figure, a mother goddess symbol.
Interestingly, the top of her head seems to have beehive pattern.
There are many mother goddess/Venus figurines from Siberia to Europe including some from Anatolia, albeit at later dates. Oldest of the figurines was found in 2008 in Hohle Fels cave in Germany and it dates to 35,000 BC.
Most of the mothergoddess figurines were obese-looking like the one seen in the picture above.
So the question that puzzled people over the years was whether these were life-like representations or a result of some sort of symbolism.
A paleolithic diet would not make people fat. Moreover, hunter gatherers were constantly on the move unlike today, so it would be quite difficult for them to be overweight. Remember that most hunting was done together by both men and women, and even children participated in the hunting and gathering acts.
An article on paleo-diets, The odd case of Venus figurines written by Loren Cordain, examines the diet of the people living in Austria some 25,000 years ago and has a very interesting conclusion that is also relevant for mythology and archaeology. He suggests that one had to combine dried fruits with honey and nuts and not be involved in acts of hunting and gathering to achieve such a level of obesity. They were fed to be like that, and that they did not have to work just like royalties known from much later periods.
This reminds of the Queen Bee. And it's not only symbolism, they were probably fed honey to be fat. Today, there are expressions like "sweet tooth", and most of us love sweets. Sweets provides us a lot calories and makes us gain weight if eaten periodically, especially in large quantities.
So honeybee had dual role, as an example of work, social organization as well as the provider of a highly nutrient and calorie high food: honey.
And honey itself is clear, transparent, and has a golden color. In fact, honey is sun-colored! We know from later periods how gold with its physical properties including its color and shininess, symbolized the sun. It had the same symbolism in ancient people. We know that ancient Egyptians considered bees as the teardrops of the sun god Ra. Bees have a bright yellow color.
A 40,000-year-old beeswax was found in Border Cave in South Africa, and cave art beehive depictions are widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Honey meant a lot for Paleolithic (Stone Age) people.
Bees and Honey in the Neolithic period
Sketches from archaeological report: Excavations at Hacılar: Plates and figures, 2. cilt
The most important research on the use of honey in the Neolithic period comes from a paper which is the result of 20 years of research. Widespread exploitation of the honeybee by early Neolithic farmers Beewax residue from 6000 pottery shards reveal that beewax use was rare but widespread in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa dating as far back to 9,000 year.
Egyptian bee hieroglyph
Bee mythology in India, Ancient Egypt, Anatolia, Greece and Rome is well known and documented. Bee also appears in a Sumerian relief depicting gods. Greek Artemis, Aphrodite, Anatolian Cybele and many other goddesses were associated with bees. See also a short treatise of bee as the symbol of divine mother
Greek Bee Goddess from 7th century BC.
Greek Delphi omphalos stone looks like a bee hive.
Mayan bee god Ah-Muzen-Cab, bee goddess Colel Cab, Indian Bhramari, Ancient Greek goddess Melissa, Lithuanian Austėja, Greek god of bees Aristaeus and many other deities related to bees are found in ancient mythologies.
Dogon mythology in Central Africa also involves bees.
In Celtic Lore of the honeybee there is a good wrap-up of cultural/mythological significance of bees in Celtic, Scottish, Germanic mythologies and folklore, including Scots saying “ask the wild bee for what the druid knew". And there is the legend of Beowulf. In Norse legend, the tears of Freya were said to be made of bees of gold
An avid reader of mythology Stig-Ove Madetoja has a twitter flood including bull and bee ancient mythological connection which is interesting in many levels. Bull was a symbol of sun and bee too was related to sun.
An article detailing the importance of bee in Lithuanian folklore, Are Lithuanians obsessed with bees we find info on ancient bee goddess Lithuanian Austėja but more importantly notes regarding bee mythology's reflections in language. Let us not forget that the Lithuanian language is known as the most conservative of Indo-European languages.
Bee as a symbol of purity, wisdom, skills, sociability and the reflection of mythology in language
Statue of Artemis in Ephesus<
It must have become why the name of the linguistic theory is "Sun Language Theory".
We see how ancient beliefs were connected to the sun again with respect to one of the earliest mythological figure, the bee. The name Sun Language Theory is appropriate as the theory connects early beliefs to ancient languages and how they relate to todays' languages.
Early writing systems including Sumerian cuneiform were syllabic unlike alphabet based writing today. The first recorded languages were Subject-Object-Verb additive (agglutinative) languages, hence new words were formed by adding sounds together and creating new meanings.
The people who built the megaliths, huge stone structures, the pyramids, the ziggurats had moved thousands of tons over considerable distances. Building these structures required collective labor of many people, hundreds, thousands of people, like bees in a beehive. There are too many analogies that can be made with human work, and the known mythology of thousands of years speak for itself.
The word for bee, honey and mead must have very ancient roots in languages of the world. I have already shown how these words are related in
The words for honey and mead across Eurasia, Mid-Central Africa and Polinesia show deep ancient connections.
In world languages how many words for bee have an "r" ? The words for bee, honeybee across Eurasia, Africa, America and Ocenia show deep and ancient connections.
Mythologies and languages and of the world are connected as seen in the words for honey, mead and bees.
I had shown that the sound "r" more specifically "ar" for bee word was largely and probably wholly specific to Ancient Turkish people.
Let us look at the words in Turkish:
Ar = Dignity,pride
Er = Man, Hero
Arı = Bee
Arı = Pure
The word for "bee" and "pure" are the same in Turkish, perfectly matching ancient mythology. Moreover the word "arı" is formed from "ar+uğ > arı". Hence the original Turkish word for bee and pure/clean was "aruğ" and this is reflected in modern Turkish dialects in Eurasia as well as other languages.
Compare Sumerian word era="leader", "leader (of the assembly)" Akkadian mu'erru with Turkish "er". And "ere" means to go in line with "era" leader. Latin ire (to go) one of the main forms of to go ("Eo, Ire, Ii, Itus"; - "eo" from eğo my note) seem related. Turkish "yuru" to walk, see Earth in world languages connect five continents for more.
Now, is it a coincidence that the word "Aryan" which meant noble begins with "ar" ? I had constructed the word in my books as "ar+uğ+an", the word for "bee/pure" plus "people" plus "an" which is known as Sky god in Sumerian.
There are many other similarly constructed words, like Greek Aristaeus. Artemis who is connected to both bees and purity. By, the way "temiz" means "clean" in Turkish, so Artemis means pure and clean in Turkish.
Egyptian sun god Ra derives from a metathesis, a sound order change from Ar to Ra.
Sumerian word "ubar" means foreign, Ancient Greeks called the initial founders of their civilization as "Barbar" before the word came to be used a term for evil people that is still used today.
This is only a short list and examples can easily be increased. I explained linguistic rules in my books and articles so readers can find more examples:
And there are related Turkish words, Ar/Ur for ground/earth, such ure (breed), uri (boy), ur (to sprinkle water), uragut (woman) etc. For details and how these words are connected see Earth in world languages connect five continents
And let's compare Greek word Aristo (best) derived from the same constituents as the words Aristaeus, the Greek god of bees and gardens:
"Ar+us+ut+ağ+eğ+us" becomes "Aristaios".
And let's compare the Lithuanian bee goddess Austeja = "Ağ+us+ut+eğ+ağ" > Austeja.
Now the two words can easily be compared!
"Ust" means "high/top" in Turkish hence Aristo (Arı+ust) means purest, hence "best". In fact, bee God Aristeus had such epithets in line with the dual meaning of of the Turkish word "arı" (Aruğ): "bee" and "pure".
(Click to read the article and see full size image)
Origin and Spread of Languages on Eurasian Map based on Genetics Research and my books as of May 2019. The world's first known language Sumerian was favorably compared to many linguistic families in Eurasia and America. Comparing ancient Sumerian migration routes constructed from ancient genome studies to these languages will give the opportunity to trace back world languages to a common language spoken some 20000 years ago. read more
(Click on the image for the answer)
Sun Language TheoryTurkish academics say whatever the West tells them to say and there are too few people interested in history or languages in Turkey.
After Ataturk's death in 1938, Western propaganda arms told people in Turkey: "Nothing to see here, go find your written history records in Asia." And everyone in Turkey obeyed because, maybe except a few people out of tens of millions, there was no real Ataturkist in Turkey back then, just like today.
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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (Many of my articles on this website included)