By Mehmet Kurtkaya, Published on November 10, 2019
The words "foot" and Turkish "ayak" sound completely different, but can they be related? The answer : Words for foot and leg in world languages
Etymology of daughter, milker, child, tribe, family, clan
Earth in world languages connect five continents
Part I: It's not only the word for earth that connects world languages. Let's talk sweet : Honey and mead in world languages
Part III: Bee Mythology and dual meaning of the word for bee and pure Of bees and humans: from Paleolithic to Antiquity.
Part IV Paleolinguistics honey, bee, licking Of bees and languages: from Paleolithic to Antiquity.
Part V: Pelasgians Identified, Midas, Phrygia -Etruscan connection confirmed Linguistics, Mythology, Archaeology and Genetics combined as usual!
This article must be considered together with The word earth in world languages shows deep ancient connections
The word for beeThe words for "honey", "mead", "sweet" in many languages in Asia, Europe, Africa, and Oceania revolve around "mel/bal" and "medhu" whose root "me/be" can be seen even in Native American languages hence around the world. They are observed since the earliest written records starting around 5000 years ago in Sumerian, Akkadian, and later Hittite, Greek, Roman records.
Moreover I have also shown that wherever the word for bee contains and "r" consonant it is more than likely that it might be due to Turkish language word for bee "arı" evolved from "ar+uğ=aruğ".
That's important for discovering linguistic information from ancient periods that goes to Paleolithic (Stone Age).
And we have genetic evidence supported explanation for that, the people called Ancient North EUrasians from Siberia whose ancestry can be detected in ancient and modern populations around the world. Another fact is that the homeland of the Ancient Turks is known as Siberia and Central Asia. Even though tit is established among mainstream academics as a recent thing, I have proven in my books that the dating goes back much more than a couple of thousand years established previously, right into the Paleolithic Age.
The words for honey, mead, sweet are very important because the roots go back to the most basic words of human language to suck which is derived from baby's suckling sound of mother's breast, the "m" sound. And to lick where we can see the "l" sound derived from the act of licking. I have also shown that "m > b" sound change is from within the Turkish language but observed around the world as "mal/bal" etc. in words for "honey", "mead", and "sweet".
Now we can progress to more words related to honey such as bee, beehive, hive, honeycomb etc. I have already started laying out the similarities in world languages extend to these words in previous articles but this is an area that deserves further exploration that would not only show more details for the connection between languages but also more info on how languages evolved, spread and differentiated, not necessarily in that order.
I have shown that the sound bits used in these words boil down to "m","b","l","t/d", and the sound "ğ" which can frequently become "k", "y" ("j") or "h" and that all of these sounds revolve mostly around similar meanings in different languages to form similar words. Connections are established in both sound and meaning. We have already seen many examples but let's look further.
Let's take the Akkadian word "matqu" (honey) from written cuneiform records dated to 2500 BC. The word is almost identical to Sanskrit "medhu", (honey). AKkadian is known as established on southern sections of a more ancient Kura-Araxes culture extending from Georgia, Armenia, Eastern Turkey to Northern Iraq and Syria though its influence extends in all directions.
Let's compare the Akkadian/Sanskrit word with Old Armenian p'et'ak փեթակ which means honeycomb. By observing the m > b/p we see Old Armenian "petak" becomes "metak" which the same as Akkadian "matku" Sanskrit "medhu", and Turkish word for honeycomb "petek". I had shown that the word Old Armenian eş (donkey) shown as cognate with Hurrian eşşa (horse) was the same as Turkish word for donkey eşgek (gek is a suffix, eş the root) see more at horse so petek is not the only word shared with Turkish and other ancient languages in the area.
Let's dig deeper into these similarities and how they happen.
In Georgian language spoken in the Caucasus, encompassing Armenia and neighboring Northeast Turkey we see the word for honeybee: Georgian "putkari". The word is further etymologized as "putka" (pistil) +"ar". As you can see putka meaning pistil is identical to the words for honey, honey comb in Akkadian, Sanskrit, Armenian, and Turkish petek, medhu. Furthermore "ar" is the same for bee in Turkish. (ar=ar+uğ). Georgian "Putka" (pistil) is the same word for Turkish "bitki" from "butka" meaning plant. And the word "bitki" comes from Old Turkish "but" which means "to grow", and especially "to grow from the ground", typically used for "plants"! As a sidenote, compare Turkish root "but" with Sumerian word "bad" for ground and for leg, Elamite bat/ba-at for leg,i as well Turkish "but" for leg as well. (For more see Words for foot and leg in world languages).
In sum, Turkish words can be used for complete etymology of the Georgian word for honeybee "putkari". Moreover, Turkish words "butka" for plant and "petek" for honeycomb can be favorably compared to Akkadian, Sanskrit words "medhu/matku" with well known and established Turkish "m > b" transformation.
Siberian Yakut Turkish is one of the most divergent of Turkish languages and the word for honey is "mout" which clearly from "moğut" with "ğ" which disappears or usually becomes an h or k or y. Hence "mohut" would be very close to methu and the difference arises from the order of the addition of the sounds ğ and t/d sounds. This is not exactly metathesis because it happens at the formation of the words rather than a later sound change.
And the word "medhu" for "honey, mead, sweet" is found in all Indo-European languages, and also in Japanese, Chinese, Afroasiatic languages!
This is not the only word that is shared accross languages as I have shown in my books and articles.
With this information we can solve many long-standing linguistic puzzles. Egyptian word for honeybee "bjt" can be observed as clearly related to Turkish "petek", Yakut "mout" (moğut). English bee is also similar to Egyptian bjt without the ending "t".
Wiktionary has lots of related information on honeybee in Ancient Egyptian, bjt (baˈjat) which was commonly used as a symbol of Lower Egypt.
The hieroglyph picture has a bee for honey next to another symbol. From the entry:
"Several linguists have also proposed an areal connection with Proto-Indo-European *bʰey- (“bee”), noting the existence of a number of parallels between Afro-Asiatic and Indo-European bee-keeping terminology. " and also:
"Cognate with Beja wíyu.Western Rift *baʾara (“bee”) and its descendants: Iraqw baʾārmō (“bee”), Burunge băʾălĭmŭ (“bee”), Alagwa baʾaramo (“fly, bee”)."
All of the above is perfectly in line with what I proposed so far. You can clearly see the Turkish word bee "ar", Turkish "be/me" root for honey, and the "ğ" sound seen in Mongolian milağa (honey) and Yakut muğot which I reconstructed from "muot" honey.
The sound buğ/muğ is the same as the ancestor of the English word bee, Proto-Indo-European *bʰey.
Note that Turkish "ğ" is of great importance not only in sound but in meaning as I had shown previously. With its meaning as family and kinship, and used as "like" it establishes new words. Uk/Ok means tribe in Turkish and derives from "Uğ/Oğ".
Moreover the "r" / "l" duality can be seen in Sanskrit words for "ali, "kara" in "medhukara" in the word honeybee is also seen in Afroasiatic languages above. medhukara Since "medhu" means honey it is the word "kara" that makes it honeybee and "ara" means "sting". Moreover, Sanskrit "ali" (bee) and "kula" (swarm of bees) show the "k" initial as a family marker in the word for swarm of bees. I have already shown in my books that the sound "ğ" is found accross languages from Greek to Native American.
So the words for bee, honey, beekeping have clear Turkish etymologies and is spread around the world. And the influence of Turkish is not restricted to "bees" but other words as well, including "uğ" for family and used in word for bee, honey and others.
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Origin and Spread of Languages on Eurasian Map based on Genetics Research and my books as of May 2019. The world's first known language Sumerian was favorably compared to many linguistic families in Eurasia and America. Comparing ancient Sumerian migration routes constructed from ancient genome studies to these languages will give the opportunity to trace back world languages to a common language spoken some 20000 years ago. read more
(Click on the image for the answer)
Sun Language TheoryTurkish academics say whatever the West tells them to say and there are too few people interested in history or languages in Turkey.
After Ataturk's death in 1938, Western propaganda arms told people in Turkey: "Nothing to see here, go find your written history records in Asia." And everyone in Turkey obeyed because, maybe except a few people out of tens of millions, there was no real Ataturkist in Turkey back then, just like today.
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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (Many of my articles on this website included)