By Mehmet Kurtkaya, Published on November 9, 2018 Updated on November 11, 2018
Proven: Indo-European Languages derive from TurkishSince almost three years, I have been showing in my books and articles the central role the consonant "ğ" and the syllables "uğ" and ağ" played in world languages, Indo-European languages especially, both ancient and modern. This is a central sound in Turkish, now lost in all languages except Turkish and its dialects.
All basic words from English, German, French, Latin, Greek, other modern and ancient Indo-European languages including Hittite, Mycenaean, such as pronouns, verbs like "have", "be", words like "man", "woman", "her","girl", words of kinship, sun and sky objects, numbers, and a wide range of others from "gold" to "blow", derive from Turkish words, I had shown.
I have put forth linguistic principles that can be applied to other words as well.
Sumerian Turkish is the language I mostly used, since this is the oldest language in the world known from written records.
Needless to say, "uğ" and "ağ" were not the only sounds I used, but these root words/sounds were critically important in addition to the words used for "sun" and "sky", as well as some other basic Sumerian Turkish and common Turkish word roots.
YogurtThis is a healthy Turkish food and the name includes a "ğ" in Turkish, it is "yoğurt". In English "ğ" is converted to "g", in French it is omitted, "yaourt", for the simple reason that these languages don't have the "ğ" sound. In this example, ğ is converted to "g", or simply omitted.
EggLet's look at the etymology of the word egg:
Wiktionary article for egg has the following:
"From Middle English egge, from Old Norse egg (“egg”), from Proto-Germanic *ajją (“egg”) (by Holtzmann's law), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm (“egg”). Cognate with Icelandic egg (“egg”), Faroese egg (“egg”), Norwegian egg (“egg”), Swedish ägg (“egg”), Danish æg (“egg”). The native English ey (plural eyren), akin to Dutch ei (plural eieren) and German Ei (plural Eier) and ultimately from the same Proto-Germanic root, survived into the 16th century before being fully displaced by egg. More at ey. "
Wiktionary article for ey:
"From Middle English ei, ey, from Old English ǣġ ("egg"; ǣġru in the plural), from Proto-Germanic *ajją, *ajjaz (“egg”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm (“egg”). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Oai (“egg”), West Frisian aai (“egg”), Dutch ei (“egg”), German Low German Ei (“egg”), German Ei (“egg”), Danish æg (“egg”), Swedish ägg (“egg”), Icelandic egg (“egg”), Scottish Gaelic ugh (“egg”), Latin ōvum (“egg”). Was displaced by egg in the 16th century, most likely due to its clashing with the word "eye", with which it had come to be a homonym. "
Let me start by saying that the Proto-Indo-European reconstruction is wrong, and we need to pay attention to known ancient and modern words used for "egg" in different Indo-European languages. These ancient words are very significant in determining the ancient root for the word "egg" such as:
"ei" in German, words without a "g", words between a "g" and "h" such as "ugh", and jj, ey, æ, and a lot of double gg.
Proto-Germanic reconstruction "ajja" is correct as it approximates an evolved mid-sound.
Overall, we see the existence of a sound that is not very clear in European Languages. The existence of such a sound lost in Indo-European languages go back a long time. French linguist Ferdinand Saussure had observed this in 1879, and the theory was called Laryngeal theory, after the hypothesis for the existence of a laryngeal sound that is no longer found in Indo-European languages.
Egg is a very significant word as its meaning is directly related to "progeny", "kinship", "lineage", hence Sumerian Turkish words "uğ" and "uğa" fits this description perfectly! And the sound transformation is:
Uğ > Eğ and Eğ+Eğ > Egg.
The same sound and meaning exist in many words, for example daughter, watch the first part daugh, which means being born in Turkish. See Water, Father, and Mother: Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish
Loss of the sound, or its replacement by consonants "g" and "h", or vowels or by other consonants other than "h" and "g"When you say "hi" you spell the "i", as in "i", "high", or "why" with subtle differences. The vowel sound is basically "i".
Now, in Turkish and other languages "ğ" sometimes becomes a "y" and "ağ" becomes "ay" and sounds exactly like "i" in English: hence "ağ" sounds exactly like "i".
ü > y and ağ > ay hence ağ > ay > i and sounds like "i", first person singular pronoun in English.
I have already shown how in Sumerian "Ug" becomes "Gu", (Ug > Gu), a feature known as metathesis, sound order change. This is a frequent occurence in many languages, including Indo-European and Sumerian Turkish. For more, see Sun and sky worship, its linguistic implications, the Bull cult and the words for Ox, Cow and Taurus.
English "hey" and Turkish "ey" derive from the same, are interjections originating from eğ.
The sound "ğ" is very versatile and shows such variations for the same ancient people name: Hugari, Hugri, Hugui, Juhra Yugra (Ugria) etc. (names from Miechowita’s knowledge of East European languages (mainly Hungarian, Lithuanian and Tatar), based on his Tractatus de duabus Sarmatiis (1517)by Marek Stachowski
The Ancient Greek city of Perge in Antalya, was known in Hittite records as Parha, hence Perge=Parha. So we clearly see that the original sound must be between h and g, and the only sound that fits this desciption and meaning as in "Uğ" and "Ağa", is Turkish "ğ". The examples are too numerous to mention here as I have already given such examples in my books and articles.
Some king names in ancient Hurrian Syria are "hu Teshup", "ik Teshup" and "..gi teshub". Teshup is the highest Hurrian god, and king names are related to this god. The initial words in king names, "ik", "hu", "gi" can be explained as rendering of "uğ" meaning lineage, and kin of Teshup.
GoldWiktionary article for gold:
From Middle English gold, from Old English gold (“gold”), from Proto-Germanic *gulþą (“gold”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰl̥tóm (“gold”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (“yellow; gleam; to shine”). Related to yellow; see there for more.
Germanic cognates include Dutch goud, German Gold, Swedish guld, and cognates from other Indo-European languages are Latvian zelts, Russian зо́лото (zóloto), Persian زرد (zard, “yellow, golden”), Sanskrit हिरण्य (hiraṇya).
In Turkish the word for gold is "altin" very similar to "golden" with the drop of the initial "g". Some words with g (ğ) initials are examples of Turkish origins, certainly not all. Hence, the words should be analyzed on a case by case basis.
Indo-European Pronouns (I, Ego) and Basic verbs: "have", "be", NounsIt is actually very easy to derive basic words and pronouns using the Sun Language Theory principles I have established in my books:
For example, from Sumerian Turkish to English: Ağ > Ay > I (see above) In German "Ich" meaning I, the ğ is more pronounced as German is older than English.
Ğe > he and adding "sh" plural marker sound for Sumerian She (woman creates babies, hence the plural marker).
Uğe > We
Ğu > "You" and "Who". Who sounds exactly like Turkish ğu.
"Us" is the same as "Uz" in Turkish, mean the same. Compare the plural marker "uz" in Uğuz (Oğuz) to English "us" meaning the same.
Here we note an important equivalence that of "uğ" to "us". This is not established through sound change! It can only be established through Sun Language Theory that I have proven in my book. Modern Turkish word for "us" is "biz", clearly derived from "uz" and related to English "us". At times English is closer to Ancient Turkish than modern Turkish. This applies to other Indo-European languages like German as well.
Greek "nos", Latin "Nostra" derive from "Anos" (An, sky god + Us, meaning "us").
"Voster" from Vos or "Uğos" or Uğuz/Oğuz.
Why, what and others also derive from Uğ and Ağ and other basic Turkish stems.
Sumerian Turkish "Ağa" means father, "ego", hence I, in ancient Greek and ego in modern Indo-European languages derive from Ağa.
"Ağğa" > "Ek-ho" in Mycenaean Greek meaning "I Have".
"Ağğabe" > "Ich habe" (german), "I Have" in English
Note the relationship between "to be" and "to have" in Indo-European languages, which did not exist originally in Turkish but later was conceived in Ugur Turkish, Hurrian! In a sense, it is "pro-"feudalist", "pro-slavery", "pro-capitalist" thingie started in Turkish and then became "Indo-European". This also marks the passage from communal hunter-gatherer lives to sedentary slave based societies. In fact the roots of class society can be seen even in Gobeklitepe some 12000 years ago.
Buluğ is still used in Turkish, it means teenage years, adolescence. The very same word means "grow" in Sumerian, and it is the basis of English word "blow". These are only examples and there are too many others.
Game of ThronesThe origins of all these three words "game", "of", "throne", can be explained using Sun Language Theory.
Taurus and Zagros mountainsActually they are the same mountain ranges. On the Turkish side it is called Taurus, on the Iranian side Zagros.
This is very important marker for the homeland of Indo-Europeanized people, called Indo-Europeans! A very easy explanation: the word was" Tauğurus". T > Z conversion is known from Mesopotamian records. Hence the loss of the g can only be explained with the introduction of the ğ sound!
Tauğurus > Tağrus > Zagros
In fact the reconstructed proto-Indo_European word is pretty close to Tağurus: "tawros".
CaucasusThe correct etymology is Ağauğ+Ağaus+us > Kauğ+Kaus+us > Caucasus.
Ugur Turkish / Hurrian and Indo-EuropeanIn my article published in early 2016, Misnamed Hur / Hurrians/ Hurrites are Ugur (Later known as Oghur Turks) I mentioned Ilse Wegner's note regarding the ğ and h in her " Introduction to the Hurrian Language ", how it was not possible to distinguish between these two sounds: h and ğ. She also notes:
-(h)he The suffix which forms adjectives of membership:
"a) Ethnic and geographic adjectives, the majority with the suffix –he
b) Adjectives expressing the material or interior quality, most with the suffix – hhe,
These should have been originally ğ hence ğe and ğğe, as in Ağa and Ağğa above. Still, the use of "h" is also correct because it shows a language in transition. In How I proved that the founders of Ancient Greece were Ugur Turks, known as Hurrians: I has shown the Sumerian -Hurrian > Etruscan > Latin > French, Spanish, Portuguese connection and in Sun Language Theory Proven!, Germanic languages as well.
The close connection between Hurrian and Indo-European has been observed before by scholars like Charles Burney. I have explored this subject in detail in the first part of Indo-European Origins and Original Homeland of Indo-Europeans.
Ugur and Uguz dialects (Oghur and Oghuz)To see some important word comparisons between two Turkish dialects see: Ogur and Oguz dialects in Turkish an article hosted on the most comprehensive Turkish history website (apart from SumerianTurks.org) and was established by Russian scholars, Anatole Klyosov and Norm Kisamov.
Tatar language conserved some Ogur Turkish features: ğazeri = azeri and ğareb = arab
Initial ğ drops out.
Another important feature: "sağ = saw", and "dağ=daw".
Hence ğ > w conversion that I have proven in uğatar=water holds between two major dialects of Turkish! For more see Water, Father, and Mother: Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish.
Mukanei - Mycenaean GreeksI had already suggested that the Siberian / Steppe people who were among the founders of Mycenaean Greek civilization had migrated from Southeast Turkey where Ugur Turks (Hurrians) / Etruscans lived.
In Hittite records, a people in Turkey (Anatolia) recorded as "Ahhiyawa" or "Ahhijawa" (with h breve) are suggested to be the same as the "Achaeans" known as Greeks from the "Iliad" and the "Odyssey", Homer's epic poems.
In Linear B, Mycenaean Greek [a-ka-wi-ja-de] is transliterated as "to Achaia", "nach Achaiä" in German in "Thracians and Mycenaeans: editors Jan Gijsbert Pieter Best, Manny M. W. De Vries". Hence:
a-ka-wi-ja= Achaiä = Achaea.
By applying sound rules from Water, Father, and Mother: Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish we see:
Ağa > Aka
Uğa or Eğa or iğa > wi-ja
Hence the correct transliteration should be:
, Ağauğa or Ağaeğa in Turkish hence Ağa (father) + uğa (water/semen/kinship). This is perfectly in line with the patrilineal Indo-European religion and mythology of Sky Father Dyeus Pitar / Zeu Patar (Zeus).
The name Mukan can also be constructed using major Turkish sounds including "uğ" (descent,kinship), "an" (sky), and "um" (afterlife). Um+uğ+an > Umuğan. As seen in Acha transliterated as a-ka, ğ (gh) becomes a "k". Umuğan > Umukan > Mukan. That's the basis of the word Mycenaean.
The Greek ending "oi" or "ei" is again from Turkish "uğ" (o,e,i replacing u) known as "Mukanei" the full word for Mycenaean in Greek.
The lost sound "ğ" was replaced by g, h and other consonants as I had shown in my articles and books Sumerian Turks: Civilization's Journey from Siberia to Mesopotamia, Sun Language Theory Proven: The Birth of Civilizations and Languages and The origins of Ancient Greece, the Etruscans, and Rome.
I have also shown linguistic rules, and sound transformations that took place and had given major examples that prove beyond any doubt Ataturk's Sun language Theory. In the Origins of the Indo-European languages and civilizations articles based on these rules, I have shown for example:
Another world's first! PART II: Incontrovertible proof: Water, Father, and Mother: Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish. Also "daughter", "born", "wine", and "king" in English, French, Latin, Minoan Linear A and other Indo-European languages.
Sun and sky worship, its linguistic implications, the Bull cult and the words for Ox, Cow and Taurus. Legendary Irish figure Cú Chulainn and Sumerian divine bull Gugalanna relation also explored.
Other animals with mythological significance to humans throughout history: Horse and Crow (More to be added)
In both Indo-European and Afroasiatic ancient languages the "h" sound is very close to Sumerian and Turkish voiced g: "ğ". In fact, in Turkish alphabet order "ğ" is placed between "g" and "h" because it is mostly a mid-sound and placed in between. In early 2016, I had shown that Hurrian is misnamed Ugur.
I have emailed many Western scholars, written in a paper discussion in Academia, my thesis that the sound must be corrected to ğ from h. I did not find any support anywhere, and sometimes I was met with quite offensive replies, including in Turkey, where academicians repeat whatever the West tells them to say. Except, a few days ago, I found out that a Hungarian-American computer scientist, and a researcher in ancient language studies, Peter Revesz, (author of Spatio-Temporal Data Mining of Major European River and Mountain Names Reveals their Near Eastern and African Origin, speaker in the Conference Video in Budapest) had linked to my article How I proved that the founders of Ancient Greece were Ugur Turks, known as Hurrians and a Turkish blogger, Gürkan Yeniçeri, linked my Sun Language Theory book. Plus a few shares including one on Etruscan civilization by a Spanish commentator on an Italian blog page. That's almost all in about 3 years.
Sun Language TheoryAfter Ataturk's death in 1938, Western propaganda arms told people in Turkey: "Nothing to see here, go find your written history records in Asia." And everyone in Turkey obeyed because, maybe except a few people out of tens of millions, there was no real Ataturkist in Turkey back then, just like today.
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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (Many of my articles on this website included)