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English Master and German Meister, Latin Magister, Old French Maistre

By Mehmet Kurtkaya, Published on January 19, 2019

This article must be considered together with Water, Father, and Mother: Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish, the etymology of the word nektar and the root/suffix Tar in history.

Meister and Master

Tonmeister, a term used in music business, means sound master. Meister is the word for master in German. These two words are almost identical yet there is a difference in the first syllable. "ei" in "Mei" is pronounced as "ai" in high. Where does that difference come from?

Wiktionary notes that these words stem from the same Latin word "magister" and also Old French "maistre" which mean "chief, teacher".

The etymology of the Latin word magister is explained as "magis" (more, great) + "tero".

A similar situation exists for "minister" that is explained as "minus"+"ter" which means servant. "Minus" is said to derive from "minor" which means smaller inferior in Latin.

Wiktionary correctly explains how these two words, "magister" and "minister", are formed by adding "ter/tero" to a root yet it notes "tero" as a suffix in the word minister article and "ter" as a doublet in the magister article. Doublet means the two words mean the same and are added together.

"Ter" derives from "Tar" found in Etruscan Tarkan (Tar+kan), Hittite whether god Tarhun (Tar+hun). Moreover, vowel change makes Tar > Ter. These two words are very close in sound and meaning.

I had already identified "Tar" (or Ter) as a suffix used across Indo-European languages as in father, mother, daughter, brother, sister, water, and nektar among others. Tar is the godly power to rule, I had shown in the Etruscan Origins article.

There is more. When we look at the word Latin magister, we see that in Archaic Latin it was macister with a "k" sound but then it became a "g" sound. There is something more interesting here:

Latin "magister" becomes Old French "maistre". The only consonant that would appear as "g" or disappear completely is the Turkish "ğ". Just like it happened with Latin "acqua" when the word for water became French "eau". Here it is even more obvious, because the only sound that is known to become a k through g is ğ: ğ > g > k.

Hence the use of the Turkish sound "ğ" is the only sound that can explain these sound changes from Latin to French:

Turkish "Mağister" becomes Latin "magister", German "maister" and English "master"!

Latin was an SOV language. I had explained that Latin derives from Etruscan which was Turkish in the process of Indo-Europeanization in Turkey (Anatolia) and Iran in around 2000BC.

A very similar situation exists between English Master and German Meister. The change happened because it was pronounced with a "ğ" which later disappeared altogether in English and changed the vowel in the German word.

In German: Mağister > Maister > Meister

In English: Mağister > Master or Mağister > Maister > Master

What does the word Turkish word Mağister mean? You will not find this word in any Turkish dictionary as there is no sound research on Turkish word etymology. Yet, I know it is Turkish using Sun Language Theory. Here is how:

First, the sound "ğ" is Turkish and this by itself is a proof. Indo-European scholars concoct an assortment of sounds, all hypothetical to construct the etymology of this word and many others. They use a variety of "g" and "h" sounds together with subscripts and underline, to mark the length of these sounds. None of these sounds exist in any langauge, these are hypothetical constructions. The sound they construct exist in Turkish since thousands of years, in written records including Sumerian records from 4500 years ago.

There is no need to create artificial sounds while there is a natural sound that people use in their languages. And genetics show that the speakers of Indo-European languages have Siberian ancestry, which they denote as ANE, Ancient Northern Eurasians who are known to have survived well into the Bronze Age. The ancestors of the populations living in Europe have ancestry from Central Asia too as the genetics data show. These regions are historically associated with Turks and Mongols. Some people tried to connect Indo-European languages to haplogroup "R1a" but that approach failed as the Scythian and Sarmatian genetic records show, they were R1b and Q1a in addition to R1a.

I have shown that the use of "ğ" gives meaning to the word that is perfecty in line with the use of the word. Hence correct etymology can only be established using this Turkish sound. This is the case for the word "magister" too.

"Magister" derives from the Latin root word "Magis" meaning more or great. Wiktionary suggests that this word derives from māior/māius and is an adverbial form of "magnus" whose etymology is given as:

From Proto-Italic *magnos, from Proto-Indo-European *m̥ǵh₂nós, from *méǵh₂s (“great”). Confer with mactus. Cognates include Ancient Greek μέγας (mégas, “big, large”), Sanskrit मह (mahá, “great, mighty, strong, abundant”), Middle Persian ms (meh, “great”) (< *mas), (Persian مه‎ (mih)), Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬰-‎ (maz-, “large”), Tocharian B māka (“large”), Hittite [script needed] (mēkkis, “much, many, numerous”), Old Armenian մեծ (mec), Old Irish maige (“great, large”), Albanian madh (“large”) and Old English micel (English much).

What is denoted as "ǵh" in Proto-Indo-European reconstruction *méǵh₂s is the Turkish "ğ" sound, like I had proven before. Here I can confirm it once more using Sumerian and Turkish.

"Mes" means hero in Sumerian. Meş (mesh) is honorable person in Turkish and used as suffix in Bilgamesh (Gilagamesh) meaning Honorable Wise. Maş means pure in Sumerian.

There is more. What is constructed as "*méǵh₂s" cannot be further analyzed, Indo-Europeanists think this is the ultimate root. Needless to say this word is too complicated to be an ultimate root for such a major word!

The etymology of this word can be constructed via Turkish using Sun Language Theory that I have proven. This would also show the reason why and how the word diversified in different Indo-European languages with the "h", "k", "s" and "g" sounds. Note the initial consonant is the same "m" while the second consonant varies greatly. And even Centum and Satem languages can be explained with the correct etymology.

There is more! The words major and mayor are said to derive from Latin maior which is said to be Proto-Indo-European *meǵh₂- (“great”).

Major, mayor, master, all go back to the same root word/sound: *meǵh₂-

Greek "megas", "megalo" which is the basis for "mega" in megabytes, megalomania, also derives from the same root.

Latin word magnus basis for "magnificient", "Magna cum laude", and others is said to derive from the same *méǵh₂s.

Summing up, we can see that the Engish words, major, master, mayor, magistrate, mega, magnificient all go back to the same root.

There is even more. Per Wiktionary, the word magic derives from Greek "mayos" meaning shaman, sorcerer, sharlatan, which itself is said to derive from a Persian word. The possible Proto-Indo-European root is marked as *meh₂gh-

This word, magic, also seems to be related to major, magister and others.

So what is this hypothetical Proto-Indo-European word *méǵh₂s / *méǵh in reality? What can it tell us about languages in Eurasia as well as the roots of Indo-European languages? Can this root word be connected to the word "Humanus" (human) and "Homo" as in Homo Sapiens?

About Me:

English was Turkish English was Turkish: Sumerian roots of Indo-European Languages

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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (Many of my articles on this website included)

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