By Mehmet Kurtkaya, First Published on January 3, 2018, Updated August 24, 2018
Pre-Greek Names in Greece and Anatolia, Place Names ending with: -ndos, -nthos/-ntha, -(s)sos/-(s)sa, -naSince Paul Krestchmer's 1896 book and Blegen's 1928 articles, a linguistic union in Turkey and Greece that preceded the Greek civilization was known, well established and accepted. It was called Pre-Greek without further naming who these civilization founding people were.
Starting in the 1970s and the 1980s, Furnee's and Beekes' research works uncovered a non-Indo-European pre-Greek substratum in the Greek language.
Some scholars estimate 40-60% of ancient Greek words are of pre-Greek origin, conservative estimates put it to over a thousand words (See current and previous studies as well as some suggestions on potential research about Pre-Greek ). Needless to say, these number are very signifcant and this along with other information, allows me to to say that ancient Greek language was based on a previous language.
Based on the research done so far and adding my own work on Turkish language, it is now possible to associate the city names ending with the founding people!
Please see more info at:
Etymology of the word Turk based on Mesopotamian written records
From Sumerian and modern Turkish Ug/Ag/Aug/Og, to Etruscan Augur, Latin Augeo, and the First Roman Emperor Augustus
Scythian, Scyth are UzKut / Sukut, union of Turkish People Uz (Uguz/Oguz) and Kut (Ugut/Ogut) known from Mesopotamian Cuneiform Records,
Etymology of "Rome" (Roma, Italy)
the Origins of the Etruscans!
How I proved that Ugur Turks / Hurrians were the founders of Ancient Greece
-ndos, -nthos/-ntha, -(s)sos/-(s)sa, -naFirst, we need to make a geographical analysis of these city names from Eastern Turkey to Western Turkey and Greece. It is genetically proven with research done on both modern populations and ancient genomes that the founders of Ancient Greek civilization migrated from Anatolia. Sumerian, Ugur (Hurrian), Hatti, Siberian / Eurasian Steppe, Anatolian Indo-European founders of Ancient Greek civilization: Minoan, Mycenaean, Archaic and Classical Greece . These people were a mixture of Indo-European and non-Indo-European speakers.
Then we should match each with the already identified groups of Turks, and then find Indo-European and Afroasiatic transformation in names.
Turks are the most mixed people of all: with Indo-Europeans and Afroasiatic people and among themselves with different cultures and dialects.
The three major Turkish groups: Ugut, Ugur, and Uguz Turks and then subgroupings under each general group. Az, Uz, As, Us are Uguz Turks. Etruscan were predominantly Ugur, with mixing of Uguz, Scythians (Uguz and Ugut) and Indo-Iranian-European people.
Troy (from Turog) it is Ugur Turk (Hurrian) and Etruscan (Etruscans' main group are Ugur Turks). Tur is associated with Ugur Turks mostly.
-sa and -tha ending are As/Az (like in Augeas). Ugaz. z>s>th
-na Etruscan. Smyrna is probably Usumurna: Uguz, Etruscan. Na- probably from Sumerian/Hurrian AN, ANA.
Ephesos: Apasa from Hittite records. There is no f in Turkish, this is probably Indo-Europeanized Az/As/Uz/Us Turks.
Assos: Indo-Europeans, As and Uz Turks
Needless to say, my suggestions are oversimplifications. I have shown these examples as a suggestion. There is a lot of work, linguistic, archaeological, genetic to be done to actually analyze the names and associate them with specific people.
Even then it may be impossible due to the mixing of the people but at least migration routes can be determined and linguists can work on linguistic transformations.
This suggestion may work on some cities and not work on others. It also largely depends on the existence of written records.
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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (Many of my articles on this website included.)