By Mehmet Kurtkaya, Published on December 26, 2017, Updated August 24, 2018
Etruscans (Turuk) founded Rome. They laid the cultural, mythological and political foundations of the Roman Empire.
Unfortunately, they are largely unknown outside Italy except academic circles.
They had migrated to Italy some 3000 years ago from a region spanning Western Iran, Southern Azerbaijan, Eastern Turkey and Northern Iraq and Syria. See the linguistic, genetic, artistic, mythological, archaeological proofs at the Origins of the Etruscans!
And also related articles at:
Sumerian Influence on Ancient Rome
Ugur Turks / Hurrians founders of Ancient Greece
Sumerian Influence on Ancient Greece
Turks first appear in written Mesopotamian records as Tur, Turuk and Turukkum people/ kingdom to the north of Sumer / Babylonian / Assyrian lands some 4200 years ago.
According to Jorgen Laeosso, Speiser, the scholar who was the first to work extensively on Hurrians wrote in 1928: "Turukkum, Gutium and Lullubum were at home in Iraqi Kurdistan". Gutium are known as Qutu, Turkish people known as Kut. K and Q are used interchangeably in Turkish words as seen in Tarqan and Tarkan. Lullubeans and Turuk (Turukkaeans) were the same people and their divisions were political rather than linguistic or cultural. Tur is written as Turu. They were all Turkish people, and Turuk had Ugur Turkish (Huur, Hurrian) names. In fact, they are thought to have formed the Mitanni Kingdom under "Indo-Iranian/European" rulers.
Note the -um ending in place and people's names including Sutum, Utum in Mesopotamia. Sometimes the -um sound is mention in academia as -m or even (-m) to show that it is a suffix added to city names.
Turuk(um) founded the kingdom of Itabalhum in Southeast Turkey, Western Iran, Northern Syria and Northern Iraq just north of Sumer lands. Some of their cities were conquered by the Assyrians in the 18th century BC.
Famed Aegean city of Troy's (Turog/Turoi) other name is Ilium!
Both Ilium (Troy) and Iliad can easily be explained using Sumerian Turkish words that can be found in online English-Sumerian dictionaries.
Ilium and Iliad are both Sumerian names just like Odysseus. (Etruscan researcher Glenn Gordon links Odysseus to Sumerian as: Sumerograms UD.ZI = Life-breath of the sun (Utuze > Odysseus).
"Il(i)", "um", and "ad" are related to religion and ancestors in Sumerian Turkish.
Archaeologists thought Turuk have inhabited Urumiye basin in Western Iran, just south of Azerbaijan and East of Turkey. This is the region that latest genetic studies confirmed as the original homeland of the Etruscans .
Unfortunately, Urumiye is Anglicized as Urmia hence the second "u" is lost. This is true for many ancient names in Western academic papers/books. This creates a major problem hindering the correct analysis of history because ancient names had meanings and help research!
Western academics write Turuk as Turukkeans! "-eans" is an English addition and does not help research. Wikipedia does the same ! Turuk is Turk and these two words are used interchangeably in Turkish Orhun inscriptions from East Asia as well.
Turks are known to have often used the name of their original homeland for the region they migrated to: Urumchi-Turpan (China), Urumiye-Turuk (Turkey/Iran), Rome-Etruscan (Italy). This can also be seen with the root word "Tur" found in Mesopotamian cuneiform scripts (Shemshara Letters) in Northern Iraq and Syria. Cities/regions/people named "Tur" or having the root "Tur" can be found in both ancient records as well as today around the Mediterranean from Eastern/Western Turkey, Lebanon, Egypt, Greece, to Thyrhennian Sea (Tireni Sea) in Italy and Spain.
Etruscans (Turuk) are known to have been very religious and superstitious. Both people and geographic names are largely based on religious beliefs.
Urum Turks and Urum Turkish can be found in the Caucuses, even if these people may not be genetically related to the ancient Turks, they may have adopted the regional name. Bulgars were Ogur Turks but only kept their name while the society and their language became Slavic.
The region known as Rumeli in ancient times covering European parts of Turkey and the Balkans was originally Urumeli. And the first East Asian Turkish written records Orğun (Orhun) scripts from 700 AD mention Roman Empire as Urum. Not far from the Orğun steale is the Northwestern Chinese region of Uygur Xinjiang where Urumchi is located.
Ptolemy is said to have included Ourima among the cities on the Euphrates.
Aramaic language or Aram is an ancient Mespotamian language and u>a change is common hence it is more than likely that Urum and Aram are also related.
Sumerian city Ur is also written as Urim. The two biggest Sumerian cities Ur(im) and Uruk were using the same Ur root. Ug/Uk added to Ur is a people marker used in Turkish and Uğ means people. See also Og / Aug / Augustus
More than 1000 years before the start of the Silk Road from China to RomeMapping the location of the city/region name Urum from China to Rome, Italy shows the itinerary of the Silk Road more than a thousand years before the first known trade routes!
(Click to see full sized image)
Ur+Um=Urum > RomaTurkish, like Sumerian and Ugur (Huur, Hurrian) Turkish is an additive (agglutinative) language.
In Sumerian, UR has "base", "people", "city" meanings among others. Current Turkish meaning of UR is negative body growth (as in tum-or) but it still preserved its original positive growth meaning with "ü" instead of "u", as in "üre-mek" which means to breed. UR is a very basic word related to population growth, the structure and formation of societies just like UG which means people in both Sumerian and Turkish.
Ur is also the basis of the ancient Turkish word URUG known from Orhun scripts, and it means the base/grouping of the collection of families. (Urug=Ur+Ug, base/collection of families plus people) Ug is known from Sumerian and it means people just like in Turkish. Also note Ur and Uruk/Urug were very important Sumerian cities.
UM is a people and city name ending that can be found in ancient Asia, Mesopotamia and Europe. I have explained its meaning in my book "Sun Language Theory Proven: The Birth of Civilizations and Languages".
Urum > Ruma > Roma
(Click on the images to see then bigger)
Map from my book "Sun Language Theory Proven: The Birth of Civilizations and Languages"
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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (Many of my articles on this website included.)