By Mehmet Kurtkaya
Published online on August 1, 2017
Many Western scholars simply omit mentioning civilizations of Central Asia and when they do they write about nomadic people, steppe warriors or use general terms such as nomadic pastoralism.
Central Asia has been home to Turks since the beginning of history as far as records go. In fact, genetic studies show that some of the Turkish people in Central Asia and Siberia have their ancestry in these lands going back to 35000 years ago.
While it is true that many Turkic tribes and people of these lands have been nomadic, ancient cities show that they also had agriculture and animal husbandry based advanced civilizations. This is the part that gets the least attention internationally.
Turkmenistan born internationally renowned Soviet Archaeologists including Vadim Mikhailovich Masson, Viktor Sarianidi have written about these sites and some of their work relates to Sumerian comparisons. Western scholars are also working (or have worked in the past) in archaeological sites in Central Asia including ancient cities in Turkmenistan, and Afghanistan.
Alexander the Great had gone on to conquer Central Asian cities many thousands years later. This is also an indication of the wealth of Turkish cities.
Central Asian - Siberian Sumerian OriginsThe research on this website and in my book clearly proves the origins of Sumerians. It shows two major directions either one or more probably both are possible. One potential migration direction is from the Urals as seen in my Invention of the Wheel article (Important Note: Models of two-wheeled carts from c. 3000 BC found at Altyn-Depe) and the more probable direction is Turkmenistan, Caspian Sea region as seen in my Egyptian Pyramids Ziggurats article.
See another recent discovery that further confirms my theory: Traces of BMAC Culture found in NorthEast Iran
Central Asia's Lost Civilization shows an overview of the Turkmenistan sites.
The book 5000 yillik Sumer Turk Baglari (5000 years of Sumerian-Turkic relations) by Azarbaijani researcher Begmyrat Gerey is available online on his website in pdf, for free in the Azeri dialect. A Turkey's Turkish version is also available for free The book compares archaeological evidence, cultural parallels, mythologic similarities and linguistic data to come up with a definitive proof of genetic relation.
Archaeological sites of Central AsiaDr. Metin Gunduz wrote an excellent paper regarding Lapis Lazuli origins and he prepared a film and a slide show comparing the statues from ancient Turkmenistan sites of Anau and Gonur Tepe and Sumerian statues.
One of the major technical feats of the Sumerians were their irrigation system. One can find ancient complex irrigation systems in both Turmenistan and China's Xingjiang regions.
For more detailed academic information see:
Gonur Depe, Namzaga (Altyn Depe) clay figurines with Indus Script hieroglyphs signify Meluhha migrations.dhā̆vaḍ 'iron smelters'. kaṇḍe 'ear of millet, maize' rebus khāṇḍā ‘tools, pots and pans, metal-ware’
The Ancient Indus Valley: New Perspectivesbook about BMAC Northern Afghanistan
Vadim Mikhailovich Masson's Altin Depe book
A book edited by Philip L. Kohl in 1981: The Bronze Age Civilization of Central Asia: Recent Soviet Discoveries
Masson article on Altindepe Bull Cult
Most recent work on BMAC archaeology
For generally more recent periods in Turkish Central Asian and European history, the last two thousand years mostly, see Murat Adji's website and European Kipchaks