By Mehmet Kurtkaya, published on February 8, 2019
This article must be considered together with the first part Tar and also TAR in Sumerian, Akkadian, Hatti, Hittite, Greek, Latin, Celtic, and Water, Father, and Mother: Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish and the etymology of the words nektar and master.
How did the word "ward" became "guard" ?Any dictionary or etymological dictionary will point out to the word "ward" in its entry for guard. It's from French "guarder", meaning to keep, to ward. It is also listed as cognate with Old English "weardian" (whence English to ward) per Wiktionary.
English word "regard" which is from French "reguarder" meaning "look at" both derive from guard which in turn is said to be from Frankish *wardōn, from Proto-Germanic *wardāną per Wiktionary.
Apart from its etymology, dictionaries list "guard" as related to "ward".
So the relationship between these two words are firm and well established. Moreover etymological sources unanimously suggest that the "ward" is older than "guard". For example Etymoonline lists its root as "from PIE *war-o-, suffixed form of root *wer- (3) "perceive, watch out for.""
All of this suggests that the sound "w" is older than the sound "g".
How did the sound "w" in ward become "g" in guard? How is that even possible in terms of phonetics?
There is only one possibility: if the sound was originally "uğard" than the sound does become either ward per "uğa"="wa" or it becomes gard/guard when the "ğ" becomes a "g", hence either ugard > gard or Ugard > guard.
However there is a problem for Indo-European linguistics, "ğ" is a Turkish sound, plus what does "uğard" means in Turkish?
Uğard can be easily constructed with two Turkish words and the feature known as addition / agglutination found in Turkish, Sumerian, Uralic and Altaic langauges among others: uğ+ard=uğard.
uğ=people / kind, art/ard=back (or "arka")
uğard, means the people at the back! Two Turkish words used together perfectly explains English words "ward" and "guard" both in sound and meaning. (Note: there is no modern Turkish word uğard).
I have shown that PIE w > g happens because of the "ğ" sound that should be the corrected sound of the Laryngeal Theory in other words too like uğatar becoming agua and water. See Water, Father, and Mother: Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish
There is noone knowledgeable about the history of the Turks or the history of the Turkish language in Turkey, and certainly no real Ataturkist maybe except a few out of tens of millions.
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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (Many of my articles on this website included)